Native to Asia Minor and Central Asia, it is currently cultivated throughout Europe.
Scientific Name: Aesculus hippocastanum
Other names: Crazy chestnut, False chestnut, Indian chestnut.
Active Ingredients: In the bark coumarinic heterosides, esculoside, fraxoside, scopolethoside, catechin tannins; leucoanthocyanidins, flavonols: quercetol glycosides, allantoin, phytorsterols. In the pericarp: catechin tannins, saponosides, pectin, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, ethereal oil. In the cotyledons: flavonoids (esculin), triterpene saponosides. Traces of escin Phytosterols: sitosterol, stigmasterol, campestrol.
Part used: its fruits.