Native to desert regions, especially in Africa and the northeast of the Middle East.
Scientific name: Commiphora
Other Names: Myrrh
Active Principles: Very complex: its composition is only partially known.
It is 40-60% soluble in alcohol.
Volatile fraction (5-15%):
Furanosesquiterpenes (responsible for its characteristic odor).
Sesquiterpene alcohols: elenol.
A and B and y-comiforic acids, comiforic acid.
Polysaccharide fraction (gum): by hydrolysis originates xylose, galactose and 4-0-methyl glucuronic acid.
Part Used: Leaf